Research Method: Designs for Addressing Racial inEqualities (DARE)


30th May 2023

This ‘how to’ guide outlines the Designs for Addressing Racial inEqualities (DARE) research method used by Dr Temidayo Eseonu from Lancaster University. The artwork was created in collaboration with Caroline Boyd, Boy Oh Boy Designs.

Social scientists from the Methods for Change project came together to discuss the research methods they use and how methods create change in society. Drawing from the expertise in the Aspect network, they collaborated on a series of ‘how to’ guides which are step-by-step instructions and top-tips for adopting these methods in a range of sectors. Visual and multisensory pieces, including comics, illustrations, posters, booklets, short films and animations were then developed in collaboration with creatives to capture the key value of these research methods with a view to being able to convey them to a variety of audiences.

It is hoped that these resources will be useful for people in higher education, commercial, public sector, third sector and community organisations who are interested in experimenting with, and expanding professional skills in, the adoption of social science research methods.

Funded Project:
Methods for Change Phase 2

Designs for Addressing Racial inEqualities (DARE) is a process through which policymakers and public services providers can co-create racially equitable services in a place. DARE focuses on the identification of interventions that highlight racially minoritised groups who are most in need to which power and resources should be distributed. Place could be a variety of spatial levels from the neighbourhood to city-regions. It involves four phases that are iterative, rather than a linear process. Critical to the DARE methodology is co-creation with a variety of stakeholders, a merging of lived experience, technical and bureaucratic knowledge to identify possible policy and service designs that seek to achieve racial equity.

DARE comprises four phases. The first phase is exploration, and it is about fact finding through involving communities, policymakers, service practitioners and relevant organisations within a place to understand how racial inequalities are produced and reproduced. Then the next phase is creation, which focuses on generating alternative options for policies and service design based on the ideas of those who are most affected by racial inequalities (ideas on what the problem is and what the potential interventions are). After that is the practice phase where stakeholders are brought together to reflect on the feasibility of the potential interventions, to identify challenges and risks including how these could be addressed and mitigated. The aim of this phase is to understand how to support successful implementation.

Lastly, the final phase is a pilot to allow for experimentation in the implementation of the new policy or the new service design. In this phase, bureaucratic processes are altered, and new ways of working are drafted to try and embed this alternative policy or service design. Evaluation of this pilot is essential to establish whether it works and what needs to change.

Download the Designs for Addressing Racial inEqualities (DARE) ‘how to’ guide.

Explore more Resources View all

Festival, social sciences, games hub, workshops, talks, exhibitions, impact, Economic and Social Research Council, creativity

Festival of Social Sciences 2022

Video featuring insightful facts about the annual Festival of Social Sciences.

Social Sciences Innovations to reduce environmental harms

Explore the ZINC Venture Builder Programme for Entrepreneurs!

Remote Ethnography: Mobile Phone Methods

This ‘How-To’ Guide outlines the Remote Ethnography method used by Dr Alison Briggs from the University of Manchester. The animated GIF was created in collaboration with Caroline Boyd of Boy Oh Boy! Designs

Collage as Method

This ‘How-To’ Guide outlines the Collage method used by Dr Amy Barron from the University of Manchester. The artwork was created in collaboration with Maddy Vian, Maddy Vian Illustration.